Conjugation types of Georgian verbs

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Conjugation types of Georgian verbs

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dc.contributor.author Kock Kobaidze, Manana
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-21T13:04:09Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-21T13:04:09Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2043/13459
dc.description.abstract There is a strong tendency to form morphologically marked two major groups of verbs in Georgian: dynamic verbs marked by thematic markers, on the one hand, and stative verbs makred by auxiliary verbs, on the other hand. This difference is manifested in the first and second persons of the present tense in the v-set marked forms. Stative verbs which formed the present tense without auxiliary verbs in old Georgian employ auxiliaries in contemporary Georgian (vzi vzivar ‘I am sitting’, vdga vdgavar ‘I am standing’...), whereas a large group of dynamic verbs presented without thematic markers in old Georgian takes thematic markers in contemporary Georgian (vtib vtibav ‘I am mowing it’, vt’ex vt’exav ‘I am breaking it’). All formally stative verbs are atelic verbs (vuq’varvar ‘S/he loves me’, vdgavar ‘I am standing’). They form the future tense by adding vowel prefixes. Within dynamic verbs, three large groups are distinguished: transitive telic verbs (vasheneb ‘I am building it’), intransitive telic verbs (vimalebi ‘I hide myself) and atelic verbs (vcxovrob ‘I live’, vmgheri ‘I sing’). Telic verbs (both dynamic transitives and dynamic intransitives) form the future tense by adding preverbs. Atelic verbs (both dynamic and stative) form the future tense by adding vowel prefixes. It is reasonable to identify three various types traditionally presented within conjugation type III: a) verbs formed with the markers –eb, -ob- and –av, b) verbs formed with the marker –i (vicini ‘I am laughing), and c) verbs formed with auxiliary verbs (vc’uxvar ‘I am worried). It is suggested to place the latter group (medioactives formed with auxiliary verbs, e.g. vc’uxvar ‘I am worried’, vdumvar ‘I am silent’) within the verbs formed with auxiliary verbs. Three other main groups within auxiliary formation verbs are the following: mediopassives (vdgavar ‘I am standing’), stative passives (vgdivar ‘I am lying thrown about’), and verbs where the 3rd subject person marker –a is attached directly to the root (cxela ‘It’s hot’). Some other features, characteristic of each type, are also described. Separation of auxiliary and non auxiliary verb formation makes it possible to describe the relation between phonematic structure of verbs and conjugation types. Inversive verbs are presented as differnet groups reflecting a variety of morphology of direct verbs but marked with a shared syntactic pattern C. (Abbreviations: PV – preverb, PVR – preradical vowel, R – root, Th – thematic marker, Syntactic B – syntactic pattern of transitive and labile transitive verbs, Syntactic pattern A – syntactic pattern of intransitive verbs, Syntactic pattern C – syntactic pattern of inversive verbs ) en_US
dc.format.extent 34
dc.language.iso geo en_US
dc.publisher Chikobava Institute of Linguistics, Tbilisi, Georgia en_US
dc.subject Georgian language en_US
dc.subject Georgian verb en_US
dc.subject Transitivity en_US
dc.subject Language morphology en_US
dc.subject Verb structure en_US
dc.subject case marking en_US
dc.subject Stative verbs en_US
dc.subject Dynamic verbs en_US
dc.subject Thematic markers en_US
dc.subject Auxiliary verbs en_US
dc.subject Inversion en_US
dc.subject Inversive verbs en_US
dc.subject.classification Humanities/Social Sciences en_US
dc.title Conjugation types of Georgian verbs en_US
dc.type Article, other scientific en_US
dc.contributor.department Malmö University. Faculty of Culture and Society en_US
dc.contributor.department Malmö University. Global Political Studies (GPS) en_US
dc.subject.srsc Research Subject Categories::HUMANITIES and RELIGION en_US
dc.identifier.url http://www.ice.ge/new/pages/inst/GAMOCEMEBI/Qartvelur%20enata%20struqturis%20sakitkhebi.html en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpublication Kartvelur Enata Strukturis Sakitxebi [Issues of the Structure of Kartvelian Languages];
dc.relation.ispartofpublicationvolume 11 en_US
dc.format.ePage 131
dc.format.sPage 98
mahlocal.rights.oaType green
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