Phase transformation and stability studies of the Zr-H system

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Phase transformation and stability studies of the Zr-H system

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dc.contributor.author Maimaitiyili, Tuerdi
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-09T08:06:42Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-09T08:06:42Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_US
dc.identifier.isbn 978-91-7623-552-2 en_US
dc.identifier.isbn 978-91-7623-553-9 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2043/19765
dc.description.abstract Zirconium alloys are widely used in the nuclear industry because of their high strength, good corrosion resistance and low neutron absorption cross-section. Zirconium has a strong affinity for hydrogen, however, and if hydrogen concentration builds up, the material will gradually degrade. In one class of such hydrogen caused degradation, called hydride induced embrittlement, hydrogen chemically reacts with zirconium forming one, or several, crystal phases of zirconium hydride. These hydrides play a primary, but sometime not fully understood, role in crack initiation and propagation within these materials. Despite the fact that hydride induced embrittlement in zirconium have been studied for several decades, there are still some unresolved issues. It has been the aim of the research presented in this thesis to provide the research community with new and updated data of the hydrides themselves in order to aid further studies within the field of hydride induced embrittlement in general, and the mechanism of delayed hydride cracking in particular. To that end, the research presented here proceeded, in short, as follows: First, zirconium hydride powder, of well defined hydrogen concentration, was produced from commercial grade zirconium. This powder was subjected to heat treatment and the hydride phases were characterized both in situ and ex situ using neutron, synchrotron X-ray, and conventional laboratory X-ray based diffraction techniques. Next, most of the low-pressure zirconium hydride phases were produced under hydrogen/argon atmosphere from commercial grade zirconium powder. This process was simultaneously monitored and recorded in real time using synchrotron X-ray diffraction. These experiments have produced new data of the behavior of different hydride phases during thermal treatment and in situ hydrogenation. For the first time all commonly reported zirconium hydride phases and the complete transformation between two different hydride phases were recorded with a single experimental arrangement. The phase transformation between δ and ε zirconium hydride was recorded in detail and presented. Finally, the controversial γ zirconium hydride was observed both in situ and ex situ and the preparation route, its crystal structure, and formation mechanisms were analyzed and presented. en_US
dc.format.extent 65
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Lund University en_US
dc.relation.haspart In situ hydrogen loading on zirconium powder, T. Maimaitiyili, J. Blomqvist, A. Steuwer, C. Bjerkén, O. Zanellato, M. S. Blackmur, J. Andrieux, and F. Ribeiro. Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 22(4):995–1000, Jul 2015. en_US
dc.relation.haspart The preparation of Zr-deuteride and phase stability studies of the Zr-D system. T. Maimaitiyili, A. Steuwer, J. Blomqvist, O. Zanellato, C. Bjerkén, M. Hölzel. Submitted to Journal of Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials. en_US
dc.relation.haspart The phase transformation between the δ and ε Zr hydrides. T. Maimaitiyili, A. Steuwer, J. Blomqvist, M. S. Blackmur, O. Zanellato, C. Bjerkén, J. Andrieux, and F. Ribeiro. Under review, Journal of Nuclear Materials. en_US
dc.relation.haspart In situ observation of γ-ZrH formation and dissolution by X-ray diffraction. T. Maimaitiyili, C. Bjerkén, J. Blomqvist, J. Andrieux, O. Zanellato, Z. Wang, J.E. Daniels and A. Steuwer. Submitted to Journal of Alloys and Compounds. en_US
dc.relation.haspart Observation of temperature stability of γ-zirconium hydride by high-resolution neutron powder diffraction. Z. Wang, A. Steuwer, N.Liu, T. Maimaitiyili, M. Avdeev, J. Blomqvist, C. Bjerkén, C. Curfs, J.A. Kimpton, J. Daniels. Accepted for publication, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2015. en_US
dc.subject Zirconium hydride en_US
dc.subject synchrotron X-ray diffraction en_US
dc.subject Nuclear materials en_US
dc.subject phase transformation en_US
dc.subject in-situ hydrogen charging en_US
dc.subject hydrogen related degradation en_US
dc.subject neutron diffraction en_US
dc.subject powder diffraction en_US
dc.subject Rietveld analysis en_US
dc.subject γ-ZrH en_US
dc.subject hydrogen embrittlement en_US
dc.subject.classification Sciences en_US
dc.title Phase transformation and stability studies of the Zr-H system en_US
dc.type Doctoral Thesis
dc.identifier.paperprint 0 en_US
dc.contributor.department Malmö University. Faculty of Technology and Society
dc.subject.srsc Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES en_US
thesis.defence.date 2015-12-03
thesis.defence.time 10:15 en_US
thesis.defence.place M:E LTH, Lund University en_US
thesis.opponent.name Dr. Lars Hallstadius, Westinghouse Electric Company en_US
dcterms.type Doctoral Thesis, comprehensive summary
mahlocal.rights.oaType green
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