Factors associated with the support of pricking (female genital cutting type IV) among Somali immigrants: a cross-sectional study in Sweden

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Factors associated with the support of pricking (female genital cutting type IV) among Somali immigrants: a cross-sectional study in Sweden

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Factors associated with the support of pricking (female genital cutting type IV) among Somali immigrants: a cross-sectional study in Sweden
Author Wahlberg, Anna ; Johnsdotter, Sara ; Ekholm Selling, Katarina ; Källestål, Carina ; Essén, Birgitta
Research Centre Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies
Date 2017
English abstract
Background: Pricking, classified as female genital cutting (FGC) type IV by the World Health Organization, is an under-researched area gaining momentum among diaspora communities. Our aim was to explore factors associated with being supportive of pricking among Somalis in Sweden. Methods: In a cross-sectional design, attitudes and knowledge regarding FGC, and measures of socioeconomic status, acculturation, and social capital, were assessed by a 49-item questionnaire in four municipalities in Sweden. Data were collected in 2015 from 648 Somali men and women, ≥ 18 years old, of which 113 supported the continuation of pricking. Logistic regression was used for the analysis. Results: Those more likely to support the continuation of pricking were older, originally from rural areas, and newly arrived in Sweden. Further, those who reported that they thought pricking was: acceptable, according to their religion (aOR: 10.59, 95% CI: 5.44–20.62); not a violation of children’s rights (aOR: 2.86, 95% CI: 1.46–5.61); and did not cause long-term health complications (aOR: 5.52, 95% CI: 2.25–13.52) had higher odds of supporting pricking. Religion was strongly associated with the support of pricking among both genders. However, for men, children’s rights and the definition of pricking as FGC or not were important aspects in how they viewed pricking, while, for women, health complications and respectability were important. Conclusions: Values known to be associated with FGC in general are also related to pricking. Hence, there seems to be a change in what types of FGC are supported rather than in their perceived values.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-017-0351-0 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Link https://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12978-017-0351-0 .Icon
Publisher BioMed Central
Host/Issue Reproductive Health;14:92
ISSN 1742-4755
Language eng (iso)
Subject Female genital cutting
Female genital mutilation
Female circumcision
Pricking
Nicking
Diaspora
Migration
Sweden
Somalia
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/23189 Permalink to this page
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