Oriented ordering near line defects in crystals

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Oriented ordering near line defects in crystals

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Oriented ordering near line defects in crystals
Author Bjerkén, Christina ; Massih, Ali
Date 2017
English abstract
General properties of directed ordering near line defects, in particular an edge dislocation, in elastic crystals undergoing phase transition are studied using the two-component time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation in two dimensions or 2D-XY model. The associated Landau potential comprises a sixth-order term, cubic anisotropy terms and the field of the dislocation. In thermodynamic equilibrium, the phase diagram for the model is delineated. Upon quenching the system below its transition point, the temporal evolution of the order parameter components in the vicinity of the defect is numerically evaluated. The development of vortices, emanated from the model, is explored and their interaction with the dislocation is examined. The dislocation produced a vortex free circular region whose diameter grew almost linearly with time. The time-dependence of vortex density for various settings of the Landau potential coefficients are evaluated. The vortex density ( in 2D) decreased inversely with time, albeit faster in the absence of dislocation. By computing the two-point correlation function, we established that the dynamic scaling law is satisfied for the considered model if the distance is scaled by L = t(1/2) or by its half-width L-1/2 for a dislocation free crystal. Finally, phase transitions in improper ferroelectrics in the context of the model are discussed.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/14786435.2017.1343961 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Host/Issue Philosophical Magazine;27
Volume 97
ISSN 1478-6435
Language eng (iso)
Subject Phase transition
kinetics
Edge dislocation
Ginzburg-Landau theory
XY model
Technology
Research Subject Categories::TECHNOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/23643 Permalink to this page
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