Gender within an Indonesian Mathematics Classroom

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Gender within an Indonesian Mathematics Classroom

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Publication Student essay 15hp
Title Gender within an Indonesian Mathematics Classroom
Author Olsson, Stephanie ; Olsson, Jenny
Date 2018
English abstract
The sustainable development goals emphasise that gender equality within education is an important problem. Furthermore, gender equality is more than just equal access for boys and girls, it is important to look at what happens within the classroom. Thus, the aim of this study is to explore gender within the mathematics classroom in Indonesia. More specifically, to explore how gender is constructed and to get the pupils’ perspective on gender equality. The research questions examined are: How is gender constructed in Indonesian mathematics classrooms? How do Indonesian pupils experience gender equality within the mathematics classrooms? To answer our research questions, we observed four mathematics classrooms in an Islamic primary school in Indonesia. Furthermore, we handed out surveys to the pupils in order to get their perspective on gender equality. As a foundation for the analysis of these questions, we used the queer theory complemented with an interactionist view. According to the queer theory, gender is something that is constructed and all too often a dichotomy is used when discussing equality between the sexes. Thus, the intention of this study is to explore gender equality within mathematics by looking beyond this dichotomy. The results show that gender is being constructed both direct and indirect by the participants in the mathematics classrooms. Both teachers and pupils act and behave in a way that reinforces gender stereotypes. Although, when asked, the pupils thought that the teachers treated the sexes equally and that the mathematics classroom was gender equal. Furthermore, the pupils agree that the girls are best in mathematics. However, girls tended to have lower self-esteem than boys since they underestimated their knowledge to a greater extent.
Publisher Malmö universitet/Lärande och samhälle
Language eng (iso)
Subject construction
equality
gender
identity
indonesia
interactionist view
mathematics
mathematics classroom
queer theory
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/24793 Permalink to this page
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