På spaning efter springpojken : Ungdomsjobb och sociala nätverk vid sekelskiftet 1900

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På spaning efter springpojken : Ungdomsjobb och sociala nätverk vid sekelskiftet 1900

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title På spaning efter springpojken : Ungdomsjobb och sociala nätverk vid sekelskiftet 1900
Author Håkansson, Peter ; Karlsson, Tobias
Research Centre Centre for Work Life and Evaluation Studies (CTA)
Date 2018
English abstract
During the decades around 1900 increasing numbers of young men and women in Sweden worked as errand boys and girls. There are diverging ideas in the literature of what these jobs actually meant. Some scholars regard them as the starting point of a future career, others as ”dead-end jobs”. This article investigates and discusses the errand boy job with regard to recruitment and career prospects. Drawing on theories of social capital and social networks, we analyze three volumes of workers’ memories published by the Nordic Museum, namely: workers in commerce, municipal workers and workers in the woodworking industry. The informants in our sample typically entered the labour market in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Our study reveals the diversity of experiences of young people in the labour market. We find examples of family-based recruitment (strong ties) among municipal workers and in the woodworking industry, but not among commercial workers. Compared to apprenticeships, young men could be attracted to working as errand boys by higher wages. The errand boy job content could include learning and we find examples of mobility into and from apprenticeships. In the studied setting, the position as errand boy was hardly a dead-end job. The reviewed evidence instead suggests that errand boys could form networks that were useful in their future careers.
Swedish abstract
Under 1800-talets senare del öppnades det upp nya vägar för ungdomar att etablera sig på arbetsmarknaden. Att springa bud blev vanligare bland unga pojkar och flickor. I den här artikeln undersöker vi springpojkejobben med hjälp av minnesuppteckningar från arbetare i tre branscher och teorier om socialt kapital. Även om bilden är mångfacetterad, finner vi återkommande exempel på hur jobben förmedlades av nära anhöriga och sedan ledde vidare med hjälp av de nätverk som skapades i arbetet.
Link http://www.historisktidskrift.se/fulltext/2018-1/H... (external link to publication)
Publisher Svenska historiska föreningen
Host/Issue Historisk tidskrift;1
Volume 138
ISSN 0345-469X
Language swe (iso)
Subject errand boys
blind-alley jobs
dead-end jobs
social capital
social networks
school-to-work transition
careers
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::HUMANITIES and RELIGION
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/25033 Permalink to this page
Link to publication in DiVA Find this research publication in DiVA (n/a for student publ.)
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