FGM alerts and expert assessments from healthcare providers: legal case analysis

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FGM alerts and expert assessments from healthcare providers: legal case analysis

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Publication Conference other
Title FGM alerts and expert assessments from healthcare providers: legal case analysis
Author Johnsdotter, Sara ; Essen, Birgitta
Date 2017
English abstract
Introduction: Sweden legislated against FGM in 1982. Since then, nearly 90 suspected cases have reached the police and prosecutor. A few of the reports were alerts from healthcare professionals, but the bulk of them originated from daycare and social services sectors. Healthcare providers play a prominent role as experts in forensic investigations. Methods: Cases of suspected FGM originating from healthcare providers who have reported suspected, performed, or planned FGM were analylzed to determine the role of healthcare providers as experts in assessing whether FGM has been performed, and, if so, to what extent. Results: Very few cases analyzed had sufficient indictable evidence; two cases during 35 years were brought to court. The review revealed inconsistencies in the medical assessment processes during which medical experts reached divergent conclusions about FGM status. Conclusion: Variations in normal anatomy and also in cutting procedures make genital assessments by healthcare providers very difficult. It is of utmost importance that appropriate medical experts are summoned in FGM criminal investigations, since these processes often involve radical measures from the police and prosecutor, such as detention of legal custodians and compulsory medical genital examinations of young girls in order to obtain a legally valid medical certificate for an eventual court proceeding.
Conference
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting : Sharing data and experiences to accelerate eradication and improve care: part 2 (March 13-14, 201 : Geneva, Switzerland)
Publisher BioMed Central
Host/Issue Reproductive Health;S2
Volume 14
ISSN 1742-4755
Language eng (iso)
Subject Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/25517 Permalink to this page
Link https://www.meeting-com.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/p... (external link to related web page)
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