Impact of crestal bone resorption on quality of life and professional maintenance with conventional dentures or locator-retained mandibular implant overdentures

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Impact of crestal bone resorption on quality of life and professional maintenance with conventional dentures or locator-retained mandibular implant overdentures

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Impact of crestal bone resorption on quality of life and professional maintenance with conventional dentures or locator-retained mandibular implant overdentures
Author Matthys, Carine ; Vervaeke, Stijn ; Jacquet, Wolfgang ; De Bruyn, Hugo
Date 2018
English abstract
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The influence of the mandibular resorption profile on clinical outcome after converting a conventional complete denture into a Locator-retained implant overdenture is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and prosthetic maintenance of mandibular overdentures on 2 Locator abutments in relation to the resorption degree of the edentulous mandible. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-five participants were treated and classified according to the Cawood and Howell (CAW-H) resorption classification for the resorption profile of the mandible, CAW-H group III-IV (n=14) and CAW-H group V (n=11). Participants received conventional complete dentures (CDs) before implant placement and immediate nonfunctional loading on locators with a resilient liner. After 3 months, the attachments were functionally activated. Assessments were made using the Oral Health Impact Profile 14 (OHIP-14) questionnaires with existing CDs and new CDs at 1, 3, and 15 months after loading. Prosthetic maintenance (repairs, rebasings, replacement of retention parts) and biological prosthetic aftercare were assessed. For comparison between groups, the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests were applied for continuous and ordinal variables and the chi-square test for cross-tabulations. To analyze repeated OHIP-14 scores, the Friedman test was used for ordered alternatives to test whether the measurements differed (overall significance level alpha=.05). Then the Wilcoxon signed rank test was conducted to detect specific differences (alpha=.05). RESULTS: OHIP-14 scores decreased significantly after implant placement and functional connection for the whole population (P<.001) and for both sub groups, the CAW-H group III-IV (P<.001) and the CAW-H group V (P=.013). CAW-H group V participants needed more retention inserts than CAW-H group III-IV participants (26 versus 3, respectively; P=.006). The incidence of repair and rebasing was limited for both groups, and biological aftercare and pain relief were comparable. CONCLUSIONS: Changing a CD to an overdenture significantly improved ORLQoL regardless of the resorption degree, but heavily resorbed mandibles require more replacements of retention inserts.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prosdent.2017.11.028 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Publisher Elsevier
Host/Issue Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry;6
Volume 120
ISSN 0022-3913
Language eng (iso)
Subject Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/26680 Permalink to this page
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