The Divergent Convergence of Multiculturalism Policy in the Nordic Countries (1964 - 2006) : Immigration Size, Policy Diffusion and Path Dependency

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The Divergent Convergence of Multiculturalism Policy in the Nordic Countries (1964 - 2006) : Immigration Size, Policy Diffusion and Path Dependency

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Publication Article, review
Title The Divergent Convergence of Multiculturalism Policy in the Nordic Countries (1964 - 2006) : Immigration Size, Policy Diffusion and Path Dependency
Author Tawat, Mahama
Research Centre Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM)
Editor Hellström, Anders
Date 2018
English abstract
Nordic countries are among the main destinations for immigrants in the world because of their traditionally generous policies. They are also some of the most integrated and similar countries. Yet, in the 1970s when they became confronted with the “multicultural question”, they made different choices. This article shows that the presence or absence of a sizeable immigration was the main causal factor. It explains why Sweden adopted multiculturalism while Finland and Iceland did not. However, this factor was sufficient and not necessary. The formulation of multicultural policy provisions (MCPs) in Norway despite a small and late labour immigration was the result of diffusion from Sweden. In Denmark, the absence of sizeable immigration combined with the presence of a nationally-oriented policy legacy to further deny such outcome. There was an upward albeit slow convergence towards multiculturalism. Groupings of multiculturalist and assimilationist countries stuck together until the civic turn in the mid-2000s.
Publisher MIM
Series/Issue MIM Working Paper Series;18/5
Language eng (iso)
Subject Multiculturalism
Nordic countries
policy change
divergence
convergence
migration
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/26873 Permalink to this page
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