Variation in bucco-palatal maxillary sinus width does not permit a meaningful sinus classification

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Variation in bucco-palatal maxillary sinus width does not permit a meaningful sinus classification

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Variation in bucco-palatal maxillary sinus width does not permit a meaningful sinus classification
Author Bertl, Kristina ; Mick, René-Bernard ; Heimel, Patrick ; Gahleitner, André ; Stavropoulos, Andreas ; Ulm, Christian
Date 2018
English abstract
Objectives The bucco-palatal sinus width (SW) appears as relevant factor for graft consolidation after maxillary sinus (MS) floor augmentation. The present study aimed to assess a) SW at different height levels of posterior teeth, b) possible factors influencing SW, and c) whether a simple/meaningful sinus classification based on SW is possible. Methods The following parameters were recorded on computed tomographies of 76 edentulous and 86 partially edentulous maxillary quadrants displaying 383 tooth sites in total: i) alveolar ridge height, ii) -area, iii) -width 2mm apical to the alveolar crest, iv) -width at the sinus floor, and v) SW and sinus area at a level 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10mm above the sinus floor. The possible influence of gender, tooth position [i.e., premolar (PM); molar (M)], tooth-gap extent, and residual alveolar ridge dimensions on SW was assessed. Further, based on percentiles of average values or on the frequency distribution of SW <10, 10-15, or >15mm, it was attempted to classify the sinus at each given site into narrow, average, or wide. Results Gender and tooth-gap extent presented no relevant impact on MS dimensions; however, significant differences were observed among the various tooth positions regarding all evaluated parameters. The lower the residual alveolar ridge, the wider the MS at 4-10mm height, while the wider the residual alveolar ridge, the wider the MS. Large variation in SW classes among the different height levels within the same tooth position and among tooth positions within the same person was observed, irrespective of the threshold applied. Further, at a MS height of 10mm at PM1, PM2, M1, and M2, SW was <10mm in 68%, 33%, 0%, and 7% of the cases, respectively, while in 3%, 21%, 65%, and 57%, respectively, SW was >15mm. Conclusions There is a large variation in SW depending on the height level within the sinus and on tooth position, which does not permit a simple/meaningful classification of each sinus as “narrow”, “average”, or “wide”. Nevertheless, narrow sinuses (<10mm) are rather prevalent in the premolar region, while wide sinuses (>15mm) in the molar region; further, a wider and shorter residual alveolar ridge is associated with a wider SW.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/clr.13387 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Publisher Wiley
Host/Issue Clinical Oral Implants Research;12
Volume 29
ISSN 1600-0501
Language eng (iso)
Subject classification
computed tomography
maxillary sinus
sinus grafting
sinus width
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/26904 Permalink to this page
Link to publication in DiVA Find this research publication in DiVA.
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