Relationship Between Psychosocial Factors and Pain in the Jaw and Neck Regions Shortly After Whiplash Trauma

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Relationship Between Psychosocial Factors and Pain in the Jaw and Neck Regions Shortly After Whiplash Trauma

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dc.contributor.author Lampa, Ewa
dc.contributor.author Wänman, Anders
dc.contributor.author List, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Häggman-Henrikson, Birgitta
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-06T12:39:25Z
dc.date.available 2018-12-06T12:39:25Z
dc.date.issued 2018 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2333-0384 en_US
dc.identifier.other 30371684
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2043/26950
dc.description.abstract Aims: To assess jaw pain shortly after whiplash trauma in relation to neck pain, physical symptoms, depression, and jaw pain–related disability. Methods: A total of 181 cases (106 women and 75 men, mean ages 33.7 and 36.8 years, respectively) were examined within 1 month after a whiplash trauma and compared to 117 controls (68 women and 49 men, 34.2 and 30.9 years, respectively). Participants rated current jaw and neck pain intensity on a numeric rating scale and rated nonspecific physical symptoms and depression symptoms on subscales of the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised. The nonspecific physical symptoms were further analyzed with and without pain items. Disability related to jaw pain and neck pain was also assessed. Differences between groups were calculated using Mann-Whitney U test, and correlations were measured using Spearman correlation. Results: Compared to controls, cases reported higher current jaw and neck pain intensity (P < .0001), together with higher scores for physical nonpain and pain symptoms, depression, and jaw pain–related disability (P < .0001 for all). For cases, there were moderate correlations between nonspecific physical symptoms and jaw pain and neck pain, as well as between jaw pain–related disability and jaw pain and neck pain (r = 0.43 to 0.77, P < .0001 for all). Low correlations were observed between depression and jaw pain and neck pain (r = 0.34 to 0.39, both P < .0001). Conclusion: Shortly after a whiplash trauma, pain in the jaw and neck regions is associated with the severity of psychosocial factors. Thus, psychosocial factors may play a role in the development of pain in the jaw region after whiplash trauma. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Quintessence en_US
dc.subject.classification Medicine en_US
dc.title Relationship Between Psychosocial Factors and Pain in the Jaw and Neck Regions Shortly After Whiplash Trauma en_US
dc.type Article, peer reviewed scientific en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.11607/ofph.2226 en_US
dc.description.other J Oral Facial Pain Headache
dc.subject.srsc Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpublication Journal of oral & facial pain and headache;
dc.description.authorversion No en_US
dc.description.publicationstatus Epub ahead of print/Online first en_US
dc.identifier.pmid 30371684
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