A 15-year follow-up of temporomandibular joint symptoms and magnetic resonance imaging findings in whiplash patients : a prospective, controlled study

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A 15-year follow-up of temporomandibular joint symptoms and magnetic resonance imaging findings in whiplash patients : a prospective, controlled study

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title A 15-year follow-up of temporomandibular joint symptoms and magnetic resonance imaging findings in whiplash patients : a prospective, controlled study
Author Salé, Hanna ; Bryndahl, Fredrik ; Isberg, Annika
Date 2014
English abstract
Objective. This study aimed to determine the incidence, prevalence, and progression of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings and symptoms in patients over a 15-year period after whiplash trauma, compared with control participants. Study Design. Sixty consecutive patients were enrolled directly after whiplash trauma. The study protocol included TMJ MR imaging at inception and 15 years later, as well as a questionnaire and interview at inception, at 1-year follow-up, and at 15-year follow-up. Fifty-seven patients (95%) participated in all three examinations (85% for MR imaging). Fifty matched control participants were examined. Results. The prevalence of TMJ symptoms was significantly higher in patients compared with control participants at inception (44% vs 20%, P = .0055) and remained significantly higher throughout the study period. The prevalence of disk displacement did not differ significantly between groups either at inception (63% vs 53%) or at 15-year follow-up (63% vs 55%). Conclusions. This prospective 15-year follow-up suggests that the development of TMJ symptoms, both immediate and delayed, is common in whiplash patients.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oooo.2014.01.020 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Publisher Elsevier
Host/Issue Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology;4
Volume 117
ISSN 2212-4403
Language eng (iso)
Subject Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/27442 Permalink to this page
Link to publication in DiVA Find this research publication in DiVA.
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