Adolescents' perception of gender differences in bullying

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Adolescents' perception of gender differences in bullying

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Adolescents' perception of gender differences in bullying
Author Hellström, Lisa ; Beckman, Linda
Date 2019
English abstract
Gender norms are normative societal expectations regarding the behaviors of girls and boys that can guide bullying behavior. As early adolescence is a time when peer relations become increasingly important, it is critical to understand the peer relationships of adolescents and what is considered gender non-confirming behavior. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze Swedish girls' and boys' perception of gender differences in bullying. Twenty-one Swedish adolescents (8 girls and 13 boys) took part in four focus group discussions separated by boys and girls. Data analysis was conducted using qualitative content analysis. "Expectations and needs to fit the norm" emerged as the main category as all categories emerging from the analysis related to boys' and girls' understandings of how expectations, strategies, expressions relating to bullying and the need to belong vary depending on gender. Further, girls and boys expressed admiration for each other's ways of coping with bullying indicating that also coping strategies are associated with expectations based on gender. For schools and adults to be better equipped to meet the needs of girls and boys and understand how these needs are expressed, adolescents voices regarding gender related bullying can be seen as helpful tools to develop strategies to work with gender norms and gender expectations. In light of the results of our study, schools may have work to do when it comes to the awareness of norms and attitudes and how they are expressed as these may be a foundation for bullying, among both staff and students.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12523 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Link https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12523 .Icon
Publisher Wiley
Host/Issue Scandinavian Journal of Psychology;
ISSN 1467-9450
Language eng (iso)
Subject Adolescents
bullying
focus groups
gender
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Note Scand J Psychol
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/28184 Permalink to this page
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