Reconstructing truth, deconstructing ADHD : Badiou, onto-epistemological violence and the diagnosis of "ADHD"

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Reconstructing truth, deconstructing ADHD : Badiou, onto-epistemological violence and the diagnosis of "ADHD"

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Reconstructing truth, deconstructing ADHD : Badiou, onto-epistemological violence and the diagnosis of "ADHD"
Author Nilsson Sjöberg, Mattias
Date 2019
English abstract
Psychiatric/neurodevelopmental diagnoses have expanded in number and scale with increased influence over matters of education and upbringing. One of the most common psychiatric diagnoses among children and adolescents is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The dominant perspective of ADHD is biomedical, where ADHD is defined as a neurogenetic dysfunction and disorder of the brain. Due to the absence of biological markers, the diagnosis is legitimized on the basis of a humanitarian principle: as an ideology. Through the diagnosis, which is construed in the article as a form of onto-epistemological violence, the unique subject is forced into an object and a second-class citizen who undergoes instrumental techniques of behaviour modification. The overall leitmotif of the article is to shift the focus from ‘chemical imbalances’ to ‘power imbalances’ to counteract reductionism, disempowerment and medical behaviourism. Theoretically, the article draws upon the French philosopher Alain Badiou’s ontological examination of being qua being, wherein the aim is to critically examine the onto-epistemological violence following the diagnosis of ADHD and to seek out a less violent pedagogy.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/17508487.2019.1620818 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Link https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17508487.2019.1620818 .Icon
Publisher Routledge
Host/Issue Critical Studies in Education;
ISSN 1750-8487
Language eng (iso)
Subject ADHD
Badiou
Critical pedagogy
Philosophy of education
Ethics
Onto-epistemology
Power
Psychiatrization
Violence
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/28734 Permalink to this page
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