Outcome of an oral health outreach programme for preschool children in a low socioeconomic multicultural area

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Outcome of an oral health outreach programme for preschool children in a low socioeconomic multicultural area

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dc.contributor.author Wennhall, Inger
dc.contributor.author Matsson, Lars
dc.contributor.author Schröder, Ulla
dc.contributor.author Twetman, Svante
dc.date.accessioned 2008-11-17T14:50:05Z
dc.date.available 2008-11-17T14:50:05Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.issn 0960-7439
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2043/6764
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Despite a significant reduction in the prevalence of dental caries, childhood tooth decay is still a public health problem in both developed and developing countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the caries preventive effect of an oral health programme for preschool children living in a low socioeconomic multicultural area in the city of Malmö, Sweden. METHODS: Eight hundred and four 2-year-old children were enrolled and recalled every third month between ages 2 and 3 and semi-annually between ages 3 and 5 years. From an outreach facility, parents were instructed on oral health with a focus on toothbrushing and diet, and provided fluoride tablets free of charge. Participants completed a clinical examination and a structured interview at age of 5 years, at which point 651 children (81%) remained in the programme. The results of the intervention group were compared with a non-intervention reference group consisting of 201 5-year-old children from the same district. RESULTS: In the intervention group, 96% attended four or more of their scheduled appointments, and mean caries prevalence was significantly lower than in the reference group (5.4 deft vs. 6.9 deft; P < 0.001). The prevented defs fraction was 27%. Parents' daily assistance with toothbrushing and administering fluoride tablets was significantly better in the intervention group than in the reference group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that the early start of oral health programme had a significant beneficial effect on caries prevalence after 3 years. en
dc.format.extent 7
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.subject.classification Medicine en
dc.title Outcome of an oral health outreach programme for preschool children in a low socioeconomic multicultural area en
dc.type Article, peer reviewed scientific en
dc.contributor.department Malmö University. Faculty of Odontology en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2007.00903.x
dc.subject.srsc Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY en
dc.relation.ispartofpublication International journal of paediatric dentistry;2 en
dc.relation.ispartofpublicationvolume 18 en
dc.format.ePage 90
dc.format.sPage 84
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