Citizenship, co-ethnic populations and employment probabilities of immigrants in Sweden

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Citizenship, co-ethnic populations and employment probabilities of immigrants in Sweden

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dc.contributor.author Bevelander, Pieter
dc.contributor.author Pendakur, Ravi
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-04T10:56:51Z
dc.date.available 2012-09-04T10:56:51Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.citation 203-222 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1488-3473 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2043/14051
dc.description.abstract Over the last decades, Sweden has liberalized its citizenship policy by reducing the required number of years of residency to 5 years for foreign citizens and only 2 years for Nordic citizens. Dual citizenship has been allowed since 2001. During the same period, immigration patterns by country of birth changed substantially, with an increasing number of immigrants arriving from non-western countries. Furthermore, immigrants were settling in larger cities as opposed to smaller towns as was the case before. Interestingly, the employment integration of immigrants has declined gradually, and in 2006, the employment rate for foreign-born individuals is substantially lower compared with the native-born. The aim of this paper is to explore the link between citizenship and employment probabilities for immigrants in Sweden, controlling for a range of demographic, human capital, and municipal characteristics such as city and co-ethnic population size. The information we employ for this analysis consists of register data on the whole population of Sweden held by Statistics Sweden for the year 2006. The basic register, STATIV, includes demographic, socio-economic, and immigrant specific information. In this paper, we used instrumental variable regression to examine the “clean” impact of citizenship acquisition and the size of the co-immigrant population on the probability of being employed. In contrast to Scott (2008), we find that citizenship acquisition has a positive impact for a number of immigrant groups. This is particularly the case for non-EU/non-North American immigrants. In terms of intake class, refugees appear to experience substantial gains from citizenship acquisition (this is not, however, the case for immigrants entering as family class). We find that the impact of the co-immigrant population is particularly important for immigrants from Asia and Africa. These are also the countries that have the lowest employment rate. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Springer Verlag en_US
dc.subject Citizenship en_US
dc.subject Co-ethnic populations en_US
dc.subject Employment probabilities en_US
dc.subject Immigrants en_US
dc.subject Sweden en_US
dc.subject.classification Humanities/Social Sciences en_US
dc.title Citizenship, co-ethnic populations and employment probabilities of immigrants in Sweden en_US
dc.type Article, peer reviewed scientific en_US
dc.contributor.department Malmö University. Faculty of Culture and Society en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s12134-011-0212-6
dc.subject.srsc Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES en_US
dc.identifier.url http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs12134-011-0212-6
dc.relation.ispartofpublication Journal of International Migration and Integration;2
dc.relation.ispartofpublicationvolume 13 en_US
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