Protective behavioral strategies and future drinking behaviors : effect of drinking intentions

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Protective behavioral strategies and future drinking behaviors : effect of drinking intentions

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dc.contributor.author Grazioli, Véronique S sv
dc.contributor.author Dillworth, Tiara sv
dc.contributor.author Witkiewitz, Katie sv
dc.contributor.author Kilmer, Jason R sv
dc.contributor.author Pace, Timothy sv
dc.contributor.author Fossos-Wong, Nicole sv
dc.contributor.author Carroll, Haley sv
dc.contributor.author Daeppen, Jean-Bernard sv
dc.contributor.author Larimer, Mary E sv
dc.contributor.author Andersson, Claes en_US
dc.contributor.author Berglund, Mats en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-30T12:24:09Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-30T12:24:09Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0893-164X en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2043/18690
dc.description.abstract Alcohol use is common among United States and Swedish high school students and is related to negative consequences. Whereas drinking intentions are associated with future drinking behaviors, the use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) is associated with decreased alcohol-related harm among young adults. The interactive effect of PBS and drinking intentions in predicting alcohol outcomes has not been examined. Further, because most PBS studies have been conducted among U.S. college students, PBS research among other populations is needed. The aims of this study were to evaluate longitudinally (a) the relationships between drinking intentions, PBS and alcohol outcomes, and (b) the moderating roles of drinking intentions and country in these relationships among United States and Swedish high school drinkers. Data were collected at baseline, 6- and 12-month follow-ups on 901 Swedish and 288 U.S. high school drinkers. Drinking intentions were associated with more alcohol use and consequences, and use of certain PBS was related to fewer alcohol-related consequences over time. Additionally, the negative prospective relationship between use of PBS and alcohol use, but not alcohol-related consequences, was moderated by intentions, such that the relationship was stronger among participants endorsing high drinking intentions. Country did not moderate these relationships. These results provide initial support for the generalizability of PBS college research to United States and Swedish high school students and suggest that interventions targeting the use of PBS may be most effective among high school drinkers endorsing high drinking intentions. en_US
dc.format.extent 10
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher American Psychological Association en_US
dc.subject.classification Humanities/Social Sciences en_US
dc.title Protective behavioral strategies and future drinking behaviors : effect of drinking intentions en_US
dc.type Article, peer reviewed scientific en_US
dc.contributor.department Malmö University. Faculty of Health and Society en_US
dc.contributor.department Malmö University. Criminology (KR) en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1037/adb0000041
dc.subject.srsc Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpublication Psychology of Addictive Behaviors;2
dc.relation.ispartofpublicationvolume 29
dc.format.ePage 364
dc.format.sPage 355
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