Prevalence of temporomandibular disorder pain in Chinese adolescents compared to an age-matched Swedish population.

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Prevalence of temporomandibular disorder pain in Chinese adolescents compared to an age-matched Swedish population.

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Prevalence of temporomandibular disorder pain in Chinese adolescents compared to an age-matched Swedish population.
Author Hongxing, L ; Astrøm, AN ; List, Thomas ; Nilsson, IM ; Johansson, A
Date 2016
English abstract
This study aimed to (i) assess the prevalence and perceived need for treatment of TMD pain, and its association with socio-economic factors and gender, in adolescents in Xi᾽an, Shaanxi Province, China, and (ii) compare the prevalence and association with gender of TMD pain in Xi᾽an to an age-matched Swedish population. We surveyed Chinese adolescents aged 15 to 19 years in Xi'an, China (n = 5524), using a questionnaire with two-stage stratified sampling and the school as the sampling unit. The study included second-year students at selected high schools. It also included an age-matched Swedish population (n = 17,015) surveyed using the same diagnostic criteria for TMD pain as that used in the Chinese sample. The survey found TMD pain in 14·8% (n = 817) of the Chinese sample and 5·1% (n = 871) of the Swedish sample (P < 0·0001). Girls had significantly more TMD pain than boys in both the Chinese (P < 0·05) and Swedish (P < 0·001) samples. TMD pain increased with age in the Chinese population. Of the Chinese adolescents with TMD pain, 47% reported that they felt a need for treatment. Rural schools, low paternal education levels, poverty, living outside the home, poor general and oral health, and dissatisfaction with teeth all showed significant positive correlations with TMD pain. Prevalence of TMD pain in Chinese adolescents was significantly higher than in the Swedish sample.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/joor.12366 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Publisher John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Host/Issue Journal of Oral Rehabilitation;4
Volume 43
ISSN 1365-2842
Pages 241 -248
Language eng (iso)
Subject epidemiologic studies
health
needs assessment
risk factors
socio-economic factors
temporomandibular joint disorders
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/21975 Permalink to this page
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