Dental students' perception of their approaches to learning in a PBL programme

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Dental students' perception of their approaches to learning in a PBL programme

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Dental students' perception of their approaches to learning in a PBL programme
Author Haghparast, Hajdir ; Ghorbani, Amir ; Rohlin, Madeleine
Date 2017
English abstract
AIM: To compare dental students' perceptions of their learning approaches between different years of a problem-based learning (PBL) programme. The hypothesis was that in a comparison between senior and junior students, the senior students would perceive themselves as having a higher level of deep learning approach and a lower level of surface learning approach than junior students would. This hypothesis was based on the fact that senior students have longer experience of a student-centred educational context, which is supposed to underpin student learning. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Students of three cohorts (first year, third year and fifth year) of a PBL-based dental programme were asked to respond to a questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) developed to analyse students' learning approaches, that is deep approach and surface approach, using four subscales including deep strategy, surface strategy, deep motive and surface motive. The results of the three cohorts were compared using a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). A P-value was set at <0.05 for statistical significance. RESULTS: The fifth-year students demonstrated a lower surface approach than the first-year students (P = 0.020). There was a significant decrease in surface strategy from the first to the fifth year (P = 0.003). No differences were found concerning deep approach or its subscales (deep strategy and deep motive) between the mean scores of the three cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: The results did not show the expected increased depth in learning approaches over the programme years.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12195 (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Link http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/eje.121... (external link to publication)
Publisher Blackwell Publishing
Host/Issue European Journal of Dental Education;3
Volume 21
ISSN 1396-5883
Pages 159-165
Language eng (iso)
Subject student centered learning
approaches to learning
problem-based learning
PBL
educational methods
dental students
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/23089 Permalink to this page
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