Local analgesia in paediatric dentistry : a systematic review of techniques and pharmacologic agents

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Local analgesia in paediatric dentistry : a systematic review of techniques and pharmacologic agents

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Local analgesia in paediatric dentistry : a systematic review of techniques and pharmacologic agents
Author Klingberg, Gunilla ; Ridell, Karin ; Brogårdh-Roth, Susanne ; Vall, Martina ; Berlin, Henrik
Date 2017
English abstract
PURPOSE: To evaluate the evidence supporting effects and adverse effects of local analgesia using different pharmacological agents and injection techniques during dental treatment in children and adolescents aged 3-19 years. METHODS: A systematic literature search of databases including PubMed, Cochrane, and Scopus was conducted in November 2016. The PRISMA-statement was followed. Two review authors independently assessed the selected randomised control trials for risk of bias and quality. RESULTS: 725 scientific papers were identified. 89 papers were identified to be read in full text of which 80 were excluded. Finally, 9 papers were evaluated for quality and risk of bias. Many of the included papers had methodological shortcomings affecting the possibility to draw conclusions. Information about ethical clearance and consent were missing in some of the included papers. No alarming adverse effects were identified. One study was assessed as having low risk of bias. This reported inferior alveolar nerve block to be more effective than buccal infiltration for dental treatment of mandibular molars, while no differences were found regarding pharmacological agents. CONCLUSIONS: At present, there is insufficient evidence in support of any pharmacologic agent or injection technique as being superior compared to others. There is a need for more rigorous studies which also handle the ethical issues of including children in potentially painful studies.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s40368-017-0302-z (link to publisher's fulltext.)
Link https://doi.org/10.1007/s40368-017-0302-z .Icon
Publisher Springer
Host/Issue European archives of paediatric dentistry;5
Volume 18
ISSN 1818-6300
Language eng (iso)
Subject Adolescent
Child
Dental
Local anaesthesia
Local analgesia
Systematic review
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/23676 Permalink to this page
Link to publication in DiVA Find this research publication in DiVA.
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