Western paternalism in Africa - A Comparative Case Study of Nigeria and The Republic of Niger on Gay Rights

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Western paternalism in Africa - A Comparative Case Study of Nigeria and The Republic of Niger on Gay Rights

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Publication 1-year master student thesis
Title Western paternalism in Africa - A Comparative Case Study of Nigeria and The Republic of Niger on Gay Rights
Author Igbogbo, Iyere
Date 2020
English abstract
This thesis examined the influence of Western paternalism on the adoption of gay rights by Nigeria and the Republic of Niger. It seeks to provide an answer to the research question: How has Western paternalism determined Nigeria and the Republic of Niger's positions on the adoption of gay rights? The opposition of gay rights is widespread among African countries, and existing research is yet to provide an encompassing explanation for the trend. This study used the Linkage and leverage theory of Levitsky and Way (2010) to expand on research gaps found in previous literature. This thesis argues that the position of African nations on gay rights depended on their Western Linkage and Leverage from Western and non-Western external powers. A comparative, qualitative analysis of Nigeria and the Republic of Niger showed that both countries have strong Western Linkage and Leverage from Western countries. However, Nigeria has been able to resist the pressure to adopt gay rights because of its alternative leverage with non-Western countries like China and its vast oil reserve. The findings also provide further theoretical insights into the linkage and leverage concept, and it makes recommendations for further studies.
Publisher Malmö universitet/Kultur och samhälle
Language eng (iso)
Subject Global politics and Societal changes
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/32716 Permalink to this page
Link to publication in DiVA Find this research publication in DiVA.
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